This article includes a list of references, le quattro giornate di Napoli PDF reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. This article is about the 1943 uprising. 43, Naples suffered heavy Allied bombing raids, which caused much damage and heavy losses among the civilian population. The Biblioteca nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III in Naples where clashes took place.
Författare: Giuseppe Aragno.
Questo libro racconta una “storia civile”. Al centro della scena uomini e donne che vincono la paura e lottano per la dignità in una notte disperata. Sullo sfondo, la dittatura, la repressione, la guerra e un’occupazione spietata. Il libro ha i toni e l’andamento di un romanzo storico. Non rinuncia al rigore della ricerca, ma dà la parola a chi non l’ha mai avuta e diventa il canto corale della Napoli antifascista. Questa ricostruzione storica delle Quattro Giornate non solo smantella lo stereotipo della città di plebe, ma restituisce alla memoria collettiva i nomi, le storie umane e la vicenda politica degli sconosciuti protagonisti di una delle più belle pagine della millenaria storia di Napoli, quella dell’antifascismo popolare colto nel suo momento più alto, fatto di speranza e sacrificio. Un messaggio di grande attualità nel nostro tempo che sembra tornare ad essere buio.
In the days following the armistice, the episodes of intolerance and armed resistance toward the German occupiers in Naples intensified, more or less organized, including the 1 September student demonstration in Piazza del Plebiscito and the first meeting of the Liceo Sannazaro at Vomero. On 9 September, some citizens met with German troops at Palazzo dei Telefoni, managing to escape, and in Via Santa Brigida. This latter episode involved a Carabiniere, who opened fire to defend a shop from German soldiers attempting to loot it. German sailors and three German soldiers died. The occupiers managed to free some of those imprisoned by the rioters, thanks to an injunction by an Italian official, who summoned his countrymen to surrender some of their hostages and all their weapons. On 12 September, numerous soldiers were killed on the streets of Naples , while about 4,000 Italian soldiers and civilians were deported for forced labor. 33 years of age and set their forced deportation to work camps in northern Italy and Germany.
The same day, Colonel Walter Schöll assumed command of the military occupiers in the city, declaring a curfew and a state of siege, with orders to execute all those responsible for hostile actions against German troops, and up to 100 Neapolitans for every German killed. With immediate action from today, I assume the absolute control with full powers of the city of Naples and the surrounding areas. Every single citizen who behaves calmly will enjoy my protection. On the other hand, anyone who openly or surreptitiously acts against the German armed forces will be executed. Moreover, the home of the miscreant and its immediate surroundings will be destroyed and reduced to ruins.
Every German soldier wounded or murdered will be avenged a hundred times. I order a curfew from 8 pm to 6 am. Only in case of alarm will it be allowed to use the road in order to reach the nearest shelter. A state of siege is proclaimed.
Within 24 hours all weapons and ammunition of any kind, including shotguns, hand grenades, etc. Anyone who, after that period, is found in possession of a weapon will be immediately executed. The delivery of weapons and ammunition shall be made to the German military patrols. People must keep calm and act reasonably. The orders were followed by the shooting of eight prisoners of war in via Cesario Console, while a tank opened fire against students who were beginning to gather in the nearby University and several Italian sailors in front of the stock market. A young sailor was executed on the stairs of the headquarters, while thousands of people were forced to attend by German troops.