Aditi”, refers to the offspring of the goddess Aditi and her husband the sage Kashyapa. The name, Aditya, in the singular, is taken to refer to the Sun God, Surya. The Rig Veda mentions 7 Adityas, along with Martanda, who is considered as the eighth Aditya. The Bhagavata Bhagavata Purana PDF lists a total of twelve Adityas as Sun-gods.
Författare: Giorgio Cerquetti.
In each month of the year a different Aditya is said to shine. Aditi, thus leaving only seven sons. So with her ‘seven sons’, Aditi went forth to meet the earlier age. In each month of the year, it is a different Aditya who shines as the Sun-God.
As Indra, Surya destroys the enemies of the gods. As Dhata, he creates living beings. As Parjanya, he showers down rain. As Tvashta, he lives in the trees and herbs.
As Pusha, he makes foodgrains grow. As Aryama, he is in the wind. As Bhaga, he is in the body of all living beings. The Aditya have been described in the Rig Veda as bright and pure as streams of water, free from all guile and falsehood, blameless, perfect.
This class of deities has been seen as upholding the movables and immovable Dharma. Adityas are beneficent gods who act as protectors of all beings, who are provident and guard the world of spirits and protect the world. In the form of Mitra-Varuna, the Adityas are true to the eternal Law and act as the exactors of debt. In present-day usage in Sanskrit, the term Aditya has been made singular in contrast to Vedic Adityas, and are being used synonymously with Surya, the Sun. The twelve Adityas are believed to represent the twelve months in the calendar and the twelve aspects of Sun. Since they are twelve in number, they are referred as Dvadashadityas. The 12 Adityas are basically the monthly suns which is the ancient word for the earth moon barycenter for lunar month.